Kyoto protokol

Izvor: ENERPEDIA
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kyoto protokol

Crta.jpg


The protocol, adopted by the 159 countries present, sets legally binding targets for cutting the emissions of six greenhouse gases—mostly pollutants caused by burning coal, oil and other hydrocarbon fuels—by an aggregate 5.2% from 1990 levels during the years 2008 to 2012. (članak iz The Economist)


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


website - http://unfccc.int/2860.php

Konvencija i Kyoto Protocol: http://unfccc.int/resource/convkp.html

Konvencija tekst: http://unfccc.int/resource/conv/index.html

potpisnici: http://unfccc.int/resource/conv/ratlist.pdf potpisana i ratificirana: 189 zemalja (Hrvatska uključena u Aneks I) Aneks I - zemlje Zapada i tranzicije

Kyoto Protokol tekst: http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.pdf

potpisnici: http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf Kyoto Protokol je stupio na snagu 16. veljače. Ratificiran od strane 156 zemalja (ali nisu Australija, Hrvatska, Kazahstan, Monaco, SAD i Zambija).

Potpisnici Protokola su se obavezale pratiti emisije stakleničkih plinova. Zemlje potpisnice Aneksa B Protokola su se obavezale smanjiti emisije u odnosu na baznu godinu, tijekom prvog budžetskog perioda 2008-12.

One zemlje koje to ne uspiju mogu nadokupiti dozvole za emitiranje više emisija od onih zemalja koje su smanjile više nego što su trebale (Emission Trading), ili mogu uložiti u projekte smanjenja emisija u drugim zemljama Aneksa B (Joint Implementation) ili zemljama koji nisu dio Aneksa (Clean Development Mechanism).

Kyoto.jpg


Slika 21. Očekivani trend emisije CO2 u Hrvatskoj i preuzete obaveze po Kyoto protokolu



Kyoto protokol - linkovi : The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change - http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/kpeng.html

Beginner's Guide to the UNFCCC Convention on Climate Change - http://unfccc.int/resource/beginner.html

WEATHERVANE: climate change, global warming, The Kyoto Protocol, climate policy - http://www.weathervane.rff.org./

The Kyoto Protocol: The Realities of Implementation - http://www.weathervane.rff.org/features/feature027.html

RECORD BREAKING TEMPERATURES SEEN AS POSSIBLE EVIDENCE OF FASTER RATE OF GLOBAL WARMING - http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories/s379.htm

Carbon Market News - http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories/s379.htm

Still Wating for Greenhouse - http://www.john-daly.com/

Lomborg, The Skeptical Environmentalist - http://www.lomborg.com/

The Economist o promjeni klime i Kyoto protokolu:

Hot air from Kyoto - http://powerlab.fsb.hr/OsnoveEnergetike/udzbenik/10_poglavlje/poglavlje10_final_files/Hot%20air%20from%20Kyoto.htm

Big business and global warming - http://powerlab.fsb.hr/OsnoveEnergetike/udzbenik/10_poglavlje/poglavlje10_final_files/Big%20business%20and%20global%20warming.htm

A fund for carbon traders - http://powerlab.fsb.hr/OsnoveEnergetike/udzbenik/10_poglavlje/poglavlje10_final_files/A%20fund%20for%20carbon%20traders.htm

Where to sink carbon - http://powerlab.fsb.hr/OsnoveEnergetike/udzbenik/10_poglavlje/poglavlje10_final_files/Where%20to%20sink%20carbon.htm